The most agreeable and pleasant effects of the massage are known since the antiquity.
The term massage has origins in different languages. The Greek term “massein” describes a method for relaxation and influencing the body by kneading and pressing muscles and skin.
In the Arab linguistic area the term “mass” means “to touch” and in the Hebrew, the term “maschiach” means “to anoint”.
Massage was in course of the history a component of many cultures. The origin of massage is surely in the Far East, with the culture peoples at that time to search (China, Persia, Egypt).
The Chinese Kong Fu (2700 b. Chr.) described in detail techniques of massage and gymnastic exercises. The famous Greek physician Hippocrates (460 – 377 b. Chr.) makes massage known in Europe. Later the Roman physician Galen (131 – 201) used the physical therapy, his influence reached far in the middle ages. Beginning in the ninth century the Arabs were prominent and those followed for several centuries the teachings of Galen.
In the 16. century Paracelsus (1493 – 1541) itself availed the massage. After Paracelsus, Ambroise Paré (1517 – 1590) tried to support massage anatomically and physiologically, the massage experienced in France a bloom time.
Following, the massage started its triumphal march all over Europe and America and has been developed further until nowadays.
The massage activates an increase of the blood flow, executed competent, a relaxation of muscles and due to the reflecting effect to the inner organs, an improvement of the general condition.
The five elements of a three-dimensional massage:
Effleurage – stroking
Stroking is important – especially in the beginning of a massage. It has a calming effect and warms up the relevant areas of the skin.
Petrissage – kneading
Kneading is used predominantly to loosentension. It also stimulates blood circulation. Kneading has a positive effect on your muscles and the subcutaneous tissue.
Friction – friction
When applying friction, the masseur strikes across the skin in circular movements. While doing this, he may vary between increasing and decreasing pressure. This stimulates blood circulation and loosens the muscles.
Tapotement – knocking
In knocking, exclusively soft and loose tissue is knocked, such as the upper thighs.
Vibration – vibration
Vibration is used in order to loosen the muscles.
The fascination with massage is based on two aspects. On the one hand, it has a relaxing effect, and on the other hand, blood circulation is improved, and the metabolism is stimulated in a manner that promotes good health.
The fascination of massage results, on the one side, to the relaxing effects and, on the other side, to the support of health by increasing the blood flow and activating the metabolism.
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